The constitution of Nepal 2015 stipulated three pillar economic policy i.e. public, private and Cooperative. The cooperative contribution in financial sector and gross domestic products is significant and is in increasing order. Importantly, in this moment, the New Cooperative Act 2017 is promulgated and is in effect. Now the scenario has been changed and development of cooperative movement is noteworthy. It is noticed that that the cooperatives have a very good contribution to change the socio-economic status of the society. Constitution of Nepal also emphasis and place cooperatives as an important means of socio-economic development. Accordingly, the National Planning Commission of Nepal also place cooperatives through the periodic plan, in priority in terms of local level development and achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs). Nepal Government and Ministry of Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation (MoCPA) through the New Cooperative Act 2017 priorities cooperatives for inclusive development.  

However, in spite of these positive findings in cooperatives there are still loopholes in cooperatives and needs to be reformed accordingly. Common problems, of the cooperative sector which are lack of adequate education and training. The concept three tier government, Federal, Provincial and Local level government is introduced. But in the lacking of legislation the speedy growth of socioeconomic development by empowering the marginalized segments of the society is in dilemma. There is no any tangible strategic direction of different sector including cooperatives. The massive awareness, interaction and critical discussion with different level governments to ensure the proximity of cooperatives is needed. Undoubtedly, the cooperative approach has been regarded as sustainable way of by the governments, international donor agencies and development partners hence the cooperative movement has to do its best for the sustainable development.   

In the other hand the product diversification through cooperatives is also challenging and the institutional capacity development of monitoring and regulatory body is also essential for effective monitoring and evaluation. Still we need to establish governance and business strategy. In view of the self-realization of the fact this concept paper has been prepared since it has been in relatively proper and relevant to convene the second national cooperative congress in Nepal with a view to strengthening the cooperative sector and role to be played by it in future, to fix the target determining the development policy to be followed, in the wide participation of Nepal government, stakeholders and cooperatives/unions, foreign cooperative agencies and International Cooperative Alliance. 

The context of global and Nepalese cooperative movement has been changed over the past decades. International Cooperative Alliance pledged global cooperative movement to work for the common goal and indicators set by UN Sustainable Development Goals and the UN member countries also consider cooperatives as driving vehicle to achieve the goal of SDGs. ICA has also set this year theme for the international day of cooperatives " Sustainable Consumptions and Productions of goods and services" which would be deemed necessary to address through such mage events. In the other hand the Constitution has prioritize cooperatives as a strong pillar of economic development. At the same time, New Cooperative Act of Nepal 2017 has been promulgated with wide approaches for the development of Cooperative Movement of Nepal. In this very important moment, the mega events of second cooperative congress of Nepal is believed to set the strategic direction to work together among different stakeholders for the common interest. The issues will be identified and set a tangible way forward the positive intervention and outcomes so far.  

Main objectives for the Second Cooperative Congress are listed as follows.


Reviewing and revitalize the outcomes of Nepalese Cooperative Movement from the inception.


To increase the cooperative participation and contribution to achieve 2030 agendas of sustainable development goals


To develop trilateral sound relationship and cooperation within government, cooperatives and stakeholders


To find out the common problems and the tangible way forward to cope it


Strengthening Cooperative Businesses within 10 years as set by International Cooperative Alliance


Solidarity among cooperatives and common commitment



Concept Paper (English)


Concept Paper (Nepali)


Participant Registration Form


Exhibition Registration Form


Kathmandu Deceleration

Programe Venue

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